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New Organ Transplant Policies in Japan, Including the Family-Oriented Priority Donation Clause

Kaoruko Aita

The revised Organ Transplant Law in Japan that took effect in July 2010 allows organ procurement from brain-dead individuals,
including children, only with family consent. The amended law also allows individuals to prioritize family members
to receive their donated organs after death. This policy differs from the prioritization policy in Israel, which provides incentives
to individuals who agree to help each other in society and rectifies the problem of free riders, individuals who are willing
to accept an organ but refuse to donate. Despite these differences, however, the Japanese and Israeli policies have revealednew
ethical dilemmas, including the fear of compromising fairness in organ allocation.

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