• The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Express-Tribune- -February-4-2017The Express Tribune | February 4, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal Kidney Trade: Two suspected organ traffickers held

    Destitute had been brought to the garrison city on the pretext of being provided jobs from different parts of Punjab...

  • Amend-organ-transplantation-lawThe Daily Star | January 30, 2017
    [read the article]


    Amend organ transplantation law to increase kidney donations: Experts

    Health experts have called for amending the law on organ transplantation to increase kidney donations, as the number of kidney patients is going up in the country amid shortage of kidney donors, during a programme held at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on January 30, 2017...

  • Organ-Trafficking-slips-through-cracksThe Indian Express | January 17, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tabassum Barnagarwala

    Rewind Kidney racket: Probe into three transplants at a standstill

    According to senior health officials, the new guidelines will subsequently make the DHS the authority to probe such cases. “Until then, the inquiry into remaining cases will remain pending,” said a DHS official. Previously, a three-member DHS committee was probing the kidney transplants to aid the police on alleged violations to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act...

  • BBC- -January-24-2017BBC | January 24, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ruth Evans

    Pakistani police rescue 24 from organ trafficking gang

    Alert raised after patients from UK, Canada and Australia develop complications following kidney transplants...

Paid Living Donation and Growth of Deceased Donor Programs

Ghahramani, N


Transplantation Journal

2016;100: 1165-1169

Limited organ availability in all countries has stimulated discussion about incentives to increase donation. Since 1988, Iran has operated the only government-sponsored paid living donor (LD) kidney transplant program. This article reviews aspects of the Living Unrelated Donor program and development of deceased donation in Iran. Available evidence indicates that in the partially regulated Iranian Model, the direct negotiation between donors and recipients fosters direct monetary relationship with no safeguards against mutual exploitation. Brokers, the black market and transplant tourism exist, and the waiting list has not been eliminated. Through comparison between the large deceased donor program in Shiraz and other centers in Iran, this article explores the association between paid donation and the development of a deceased donor program. Shiraz progressively eliminated paid donor transplants such that by 2011, 85% of kidney transplants in Shiraz compared with 27% across the rest of Iran's other centers were from deceased donors. Among 26 centers, Shiraz undertakes the largest number of deceased donor kidney transplants, most liver transplants, and all pancreas transplants. In conclusion, although many patients with end stage renal disease have received transplants through the paid living donation, the Iranian Model now has serious flaws and is potentially inhibiting substantial growth in deceased donor organ transplants in Iran.

Read the complete article in Transplantation here (subscription required).

Our body parts shouldn’t be for sale

Washington PostThe Washington Post | December 29, 2015
[read the article]


By Francis Delmonico and Alexander Capron

Organ transplants have extended and improved the lives of more than a million patients over the past 60 years. This is a testament to the dedication and creativity of medical professionals as well as to the generosity of both living and deceased organ donors.

Nonetheless, the rising rate of kidney disease means that some patients won’t get the transplant they’re waiting for. That shortage of organs has led to proposals to lift the prohibition on payment that has been part of U.S. organ donation law since 1984. But buying organs would be wrong. And aside from being wrong, it would also harm existing, voluntary donation programs and be ineffective in increasing the supply of organs. There are better ways to increase the number of organs donated than paying for donations.

 

In recent decades, thousands of organs have been bought from the destitute around the world, for transplantation into the social elite in their own countries or “transplant tourists” from other nations. This has tarnished the reputation of organ transplantation and led to poor medical outcomes. In all countries, it is the poor who sell organs as a way out of their financial straits — usually only temporarily...

 

Human rights and world culture: The diffusion of legislation against the organ trade


Fikresus Fikrejesus Amahazion

Article first published online: 9 Dec 2015, DOI:10.1080/02732173.2015.1108887

Sociological Spectrum

Abstract

Due to the process of globalization, rapid medical and technological advances, and the persistence of the global scarcity in organs, the organ trade has grown to become an international issue of increasing concern. Over the past several decades, more than 100 countries have passed legislation banning the commercial trade in organs. What explains this rapid, global diffusion of commercial transplantation laws, and what are the key factors influencing legislation? This study explores these questions through an analysis based on sociology’s world culture, world polity theory. Utilizing survival analysis models, the study covers 127 countries from 1965-2012. Results offer support for the world culture/world polity theoretical framework, while economic development also impacts legislation. The global trend toward legislation is influenced by global, cultural, and economic factors.

 

Full text available here from Sociological Spectrum (subscription required).

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