• Declaration-of-Istanbul-Custodian-Group- -14-May-2017Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group | 14 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Tonight we are also celebrating our two newly appointed honorary doctors - Margaret A. Liu and Francis L. Delmonico, who have each made their own significant contributions to the research and education conducted at Karolinska Institutet.

  • Redaccion-Medica- -12-May-2017Redacción Médica | 12 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, nueva directora general de la ONT

    Médico adjunta de la organización, es la persona designada por el Consejo de Ministros para suceder a Rafael Matesanz

  • YouTube- -8-May-2017YouTube | 8 May, 2017
    [watch the video]


    Kidney trade racket exposed in Pakistan

     

  • The-Express-Tribune- -8-May-2017The Express Tribune | 8 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal organ transplants: Govt orders campaign against ‘heinous’ practice

    CM assures those involved in the crime will be given exemplary punishment.

     

  • Pakistan-Today- -6-May-2017Pakistan Today | 6 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Rana Haider

    Illegal organ trafficking thrives in the province

    The police, despite claiming to have eliminated organ transplant from the province, were unaware of various incidents of organ trafficking that has been taking place in the province for the last seven years. In the stated time, transplant surgeries were carried out on over 214 patients, 15 of whom expired during the procedure.

     

  • BBC-News- -5-May-2017BBC News | 5 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Undercover video of human organ traders

    The World Health Organisation says that more than 10,000 human organs are being sold illegally every year.

  • Egypt-Independent- -4-May-2017Egypt Independent | 4 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ola Noureldin

    Parliament committee approves harsher penalties in Organ Transplant Law

    The Parliament’s Legislative Committee approved on Wednesday amendments to Egypt’s Organ Transplant Law which stipulate drafting harsher penalties into the law regulating organ transplantation in Egypt.

  • Declaration-of-Istanbul-Custodian-Group- -14-May-2017Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group | 14 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Tonight we are also celebrating our two newly appointed honorary doctors - Margaret A. Liu and Francis L. Delmonico, who have each made their own significant contributions to the research and education conducted at Karolinska Institutet.

  • Redaccion-Medica- -12-May-2017Redacción Médica | 12 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, nueva directora general de la ONT

    Médico adjunta de la organización, es la persona designada por el Consejo de Ministros para suceder a Rafael Matesanz

  • YouTube- -8-May-2017YouTube | 8 May, 2017
    [watch the video]


    Kidney trade racket exposed in Pakistan

     

  • The-Express-Tribune- -8-May-2017The Express Tribune | 8 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal organ transplants: Govt orders campaign against ‘heinous’ practice

    CM assures those involved in the crime will be given exemplary punishment.

     

  • Pakistan-Today- -6-May-2017Pakistan Today | 6 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Rana Haider

    Illegal organ trafficking thrives in the province

    The police, despite claiming to have eliminated organ transplant from the province, were unaware of various incidents of organ trafficking that has been taking place in the province for the last seven years. In the stated time, transplant surgeries were carried out on over 214 patients, 15 of whom expired during the procedure.

     

  • BBC-News- -5-May-2017BBC News | 5 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    Undercover video of human organ traders

    The World Health Organisation says that more than 10,000 human organs are being sold illegally every year.

  • Egypt-Independent- -4-May-2017Egypt Independent | 4 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ola Noureldin

    Parliament committee approves harsher penalties in Organ Transplant Law

    The Parliament’s Legislative Committee approved on Wednesday amendments to Egypt’s Organ Transplant Law which stipulate drafting harsher penalties into the law regulating organ transplantation in Egypt.

  • Dunya-News- -2-May-2017Dunya News | 2 May, 2017
    [read the article]


    214 people fell victim to organ trafficking in seven years in Punjab: report

    Initial report into the matter has been forwarded to the interior ministry, said FIA spokesman.

  • Pakistan-Today- -30-April-2017Pakistan Today | 30 April, 2017
    [read the article]


    Organ trafficking ring busted in Lahore

    LAHORE: The Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) on Saturday busted an illegal organ trade gang in Lahore.It was the first-ever case under the Human Organ Transp...

  • BBC-News- -25-April-2017BBC News | 25 April, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Alex Forsyth

    Meeting an organ trafficker who preys on Syrian refugees

    Abu Jaafar's job is to find people desperate enough to give up parts of their body for money.

  • IOL-NEWS- -April-10-2017IOL NEWS | April 10, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Nabeelah Shaikh

    WATCH: Shock tactics highlight lucrative organ trade

    The makers of 'Bypass' stunned the public when a woman was seen handing out pamphlets advertising human organs for sale - ...

Paid Living Donation and Growth of Deceased Donor Programs

Ghahramani, N


Transplantation Journal

2016;100: 1165-1169

Limited organ availability in all countries has stimulated discussion about incentives to increase donation. Since 1988, Iran has operated the only government-sponsored paid living donor (LD) kidney transplant program. This article reviews aspects of the Living Unrelated Donor program and development of deceased donation in Iran. Available evidence indicates that in the partially regulated Iranian Model, the direct negotiation between donors and recipients fosters direct monetary relationship with no safeguards against mutual exploitation. Brokers, the black market and transplant tourism exist, and the waiting list has not been eliminated. Through comparison between the large deceased donor program in Shiraz and other centers in Iran, this article explores the association between paid donation and the development of a deceased donor program. Shiraz progressively eliminated paid donor transplants such that by 2011, 85% of kidney transplants in Shiraz compared with 27% across the rest of Iran's other centers were from deceased donors. Among 26 centers, Shiraz undertakes the largest number of deceased donor kidney transplants, most liver transplants, and all pancreas transplants. In conclusion, although many patients with end stage renal disease have received transplants through the paid living donation, the Iranian Model now has serious flaws and is potentially inhibiting substantial growth in deceased donor organ transplants in Iran.

Read the complete article in Transplantation here (subscription required).

Our body parts shouldn’t be for sale

Washington PostThe Washington Post | December 29, 2015
[read the article]


By Francis Delmonico and Alexander Capron

Organ transplants have extended and improved the lives of more than a million patients over the past 60 years. This is a testament to the dedication and creativity of medical professionals as well as to the generosity of both living and deceased organ donors.

Nonetheless, the rising rate of kidney disease means that some patients won’t get the transplant they’re waiting for. That shortage of organs has led to proposals to lift the prohibition on payment that has been part of U.S. organ donation law since 1984. But buying organs would be wrong. And aside from being wrong, it would also harm existing, voluntary donation programs and be ineffective in increasing the supply of organs. There are better ways to increase the number of organs donated than paying for donations.

 

In recent decades, thousands of organs have been bought from the destitute around the world, for transplantation into the social elite in their own countries or “transplant tourists” from other nations. This has tarnished the reputation of organ transplantation and led to poor medical outcomes. In all countries, it is the poor who sell organs as a way out of their financial straits — usually only temporarily...

 

Human rights and world culture: The diffusion of legislation against the organ trade


Fikresus Fikrejesus Amahazion

Article first published online: 9 Dec 2015, DOI:10.1080/02732173.2015.1108887

Sociological Spectrum

Abstract

Due to the process of globalization, rapid medical and technological advances, and the persistence of the global scarcity in organs, the organ trade has grown to become an international issue of increasing concern. Over the past several decades, more than 100 countries have passed legislation banning the commercial trade in organs. What explains this rapid, global diffusion of commercial transplantation laws, and what are the key factors influencing legislation? This study explores these questions through an analysis based on sociology’s world culture, world polity theory. Utilizing survival analysis models, the study covers 127 countries from 1965-2012. Results offer support for the world culture/world polity theoretical framework, while economic development also impacts legislation. The global trend toward legislation is influenced by global, cultural, and economic factors.

 

Full text available here from Sociological Spectrum (subscription required).

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