• The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Express-Tribune- -February-4-2017The Express Tribune | February 4, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal Kidney Trade: Two suspected organ traffickers held

    Destitute had been brought to the garrison city on the pretext of being provided jobs from different parts of Punjab...

  • Amend-organ-transplantation-lawThe Daily Star | January 30, 2017
    [read the article]


    Amend organ transplantation law to increase kidney donations: Experts

    Health experts have called for amending the law on organ transplantation to increase kidney donations, as the number of kidney patients is going up in the country amid shortage of kidney donors, during a programme held at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on January 30, 2017...

  • Organ-Trafficking-slips-through-cracksThe Indian Express | January 17, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tabassum Barnagarwala

    Rewind Kidney racket: Probe into three transplants at a standstill

    According to senior health officials, the new guidelines will subsequently make the DHS the authority to probe such cases. “Until then, the inquiry into remaining cases will remain pending,” said a DHS official. Previously, a three-member DHS committee was probing the kidney transplants to aid the police on alleged violations to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act...

  • BBC- -January-24-2017BBC | January 24, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ruth Evans

    Pakistani police rescue 24 from organ trafficking gang

    Alert raised after patients from UK, Canada and Australia develop complications following kidney transplants...

Obtaining consensus regarding international transplantation continues to be difficult for pediatric centers in the United States

Screen Shot 2016-08-09 at 1.41.23 PM


2016; Epub 31st July

Lorts A, Ryan TD, Matheny Antommaria, AH, Lake M, & Bucuvalas J. 

Abstract:

Organ transplant is life-saving and any given organ may be valuable to a multitude of potential recipients. An allocation system must be used to reconcile the difference between supply and demand, and this system must take into account the impact that accepting international patients may have on the local system. The principles for allocation must be clear, equitable, provide utility and must be monitored so as to maintain public trust. The impact of the system on metrics deemed to be critical must be measured. Finally, strategies must take into account the local culture, size of the region to be supported, the number and experience of transplant centers, and the resources of the healthcare delivery system. Our focus is on the United States, recognizing that strategies and challenges may vary across countries.

Click here to read the complete article courtesy of Pediatric Transplantation.

Statement of the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group Regarding Payments to Families of Deceased Organ Donors.

 

Transplantation Journal

AM Capron, FL Delmonico, B Domínguez-Gil, D Martin, GM Danovitch, and JR Chapman

2016; Epub June 28

Abstract:

Governmental and private programs that pay next of kin who give permission for the removal of their deceased relative's organs for transplantation exist in a number of countries. Such payments, which may be given to the relatives or paid directly for funeral expenses or hospital bills unrelated to being a donor, aim to increase the rate of donation. The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group-in alignment with the World Health Organization Guiding Principles and the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking in Human Organs-has adopted a new policy statement opposing such practices.

Payment programs are unwise because they produce a lower rate of donations than in countries with voluntary, unpaid programs; associate deceased donation with being poor and marginal in society; undermine public trust in the determination of death; and raise doubts about fair allocation of organs. Most important, allowing families to receive money for donation from a deceased person, who is at no risk of harm, will make it impossible to sustain prohibitions on paying living donors, who are at risk.

Payment programs are also unethical. Tying coverage for funeral expenses or healthcare costs to a family allowing organs to be procured is exploitative, not "charitable." Using payment to overcome reluctance to donate based on cultural or religious beliefs especially offends principles of liberty and dignity. Finally, while it is appropriate to make donation "financially neutral"-by reimbursing the added medical costs of evaluating and maintaining a patient as a potential donor-such reimbursement may never be conditioned on a family agreeing to donate.

To read and download this open access article, please click here.

 

Trade in kidneys is ethically intolerable

D.E. Martin


Indian Journal Medical Ethics

2016; Epub May 9

Abstract: In India, as in most countries where trade in human organs is legally prohibited, policies governing transplantation from living donors are designed to identify and exclude prospective donors who have a commercial interest in donation. The effective implementation of such policies requires resources, training and motivation on the part of health professionals responsible for organ procurement and transplantation. If professionals are unconvinced by or unfamiliar with the ethical justi cation of the relevant laws and policies, they may fail to perform a robust evaluation of prospective donors and transplant candidates, and to act on suspicions or evidence of illicit activities. I comment here on a recent paper by Aggarwal and Adhikary (2016), in which the authors imply that tolerance of illicit commercialism in living kidney donation programmes is not unreasonable, given the insuf ciency of kidneys available for transplantation. I argue that such tolerance is unethical not only because of the harmful consequences of kidney traf cking, but because professional tolerance of commercialism undermines public trust in organ procurement programmes and impairs the development of sustainable donation and transplant systems.

Read the complete paper here, courtesy of the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics.

Read the paper by Aggarwal and Adhikary here, courtesy of the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics.

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