• Proposed Bill on organtrafficking with extraterritorial implications Epoch Times | 17 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Janita Kan

    NSW Takes Crucial Step In Fight Against Human Organ Trafficking, Targets Crimes Overseas

    A crucial step has been taken to address growing concerns about the international trade of human organs as Australia passed its first anti-slavery bill in the New South Wales (NSW) upper house on May 3.

    Organ trafficking is a serious criminal offence in Australia but currently, state and commonwealth laws only prevent a person who is in Australia from engaging in an illegal trade of human organs. Loopholes in the legislation mean that if an Australia receives an organ in an illegal or unethical manner while overseas, they face no penalty when they return home.

  • India organ allocation Scroll.in | 09 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral

    Who gives, who lives? India’s organ transplant system continues to favour the rich

    More than 95% of organ transplants are currently performed in the private sector where costs range from Rs 20 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

    In some parts of India such donations are increasingly saving lives. Donated organs are being transported across cities and even states by using “green corridors” that ensure that traffic is stopped to save vital minutes so that the organ is transplanted in time. Organs are being transplanted across gender, caste and religious identities. Given the divisive times we are going through in this country, shouldn’t we be celebrating such acts of solidarity and kinship?

  • South Koreans traveling for transplant Korea Biomedical Review | 05 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Marian Chu

    ‘South Korea indirectly fuels organ trafficking in China’

    South Koreans were one of the largest consumer groups of organ transplants in China, indirectly contributing to the unethical organ harvesting market there, speakers at a seminar said.

    The data on organ transplants were presented at the “Vital Link seminar,” hosted by the Korean Society for Transplantation, Vital Link, Korea Organ Donation Network, and the Korea Organ Donation Agency, at Seoul National University Hospital on Thursday...

  • Kosovo case Balkan Transitional Justice | 02 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Dean B. Pineles

    Kosovo’s Medicus Case: Bad Omen for Rule of Law

    Six years of efforts to deliver justice were wasted when the defendants convicted in the Medicus organ-trafficking case were inexplicably sent for retrial, says a judge who served on the original trial panel.

  • Fank Inter Press Service | 30 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Maged Srour

    Human Trafficking for Organs: Ending abuse of the Poorest

    Organ transplantation is one of the most incredible medical achievements of the past century. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “human organs for transplants have two sources, deceased donors and living donors; ultimately, human organs can only be derived from a human body, and thus any action in the field of organ transplantation must be carried out in accordance with the highest ethical and professional standards”. The reality is that in several countries such as India, Pakistan, Egypt or Mexico, organ trafficking has been peaking in recent years...

  • NZ financial neutrality New Zealand Ministry of Health | 17 April 2018
    [page link]


    New Zealand covers costs of leave for living donors in the spirit of financial neutrality

    Summary of compensation procedure:

    You register for compensation with the Ministry of Health while you're being tested to become a donor.

    Then you apply for compensation for loss of earnings when you have a date for donation surgery.

    Please contact the Ministry as soon as possible if you would like to discuss your options. For further information, call the Ministry of Health: freephone 0800 855 066 or access their website here


  • CoE rejects GKE RT News | 08 May 2018
    [read the article]


    Euro chiefs brand US-backed health program as ‘organ trafficking’

    The Council of Europe’s Committee on Organ Transplantation has rejected a US-backed organ-swapping plan as “human organ trafficking” over concerns that donors will be abused. According to the committee, organ-swapping, as proposed by the Global Kidney Exchange (GKE), goes against the fundamental rule of organ donation – that “the human body and its parts shall not give rise to financial gain or comparable advantage.”

  • Proposed Bill on organtrafficking with extraterritorial implications Epoch Times | 17 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Janita Kan

    NSW Takes Crucial Step In Fight Against Human Organ Trafficking, Targets Crimes Overseas

    A crucial step has been taken to address growing concerns about the international trade of human organs as Australia passed its first anti-slavery bill in the New South Wales (NSW) upper house on May 3.

    Organ trafficking is a serious criminal offence in Australia but currently, state and commonwealth laws only prevent a person who is in Australia from engaging in an illegal trade of human organs. Loopholes in the legislation mean that if an Australia receives an organ in an illegal or unethical manner while overseas, they face no penalty when they return home.

  • India organ allocation Scroll.in | 09 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Sanjay Nagral

    Who gives, who lives? India’s organ transplant system continues to favour the rich

    More than 95% of organ transplants are currently performed in the private sector where costs range from Rs 20 lakh to Rs 25 lakh.

    In some parts of India such donations are increasingly saving lives. Donated organs are being transported across cities and even states by using “green corridors” that ensure that traffic is stopped to save vital minutes so that the organ is transplanted in time. Organs are being transplanted across gender, caste and religious identities. Given the divisive times we are going through in this country, shouldn’t we be celebrating such acts of solidarity and kinship?

  • South Koreans traveling for transplant Korea Biomedical Review | 05 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Marian Chu

    ‘South Korea indirectly fuels organ trafficking in China’

    South Koreans were one of the largest consumer groups of organ transplants in China, indirectly contributing to the unethical organ harvesting market there, speakers at a seminar said.

    The data on organ transplants were presented at the “Vital Link seminar,” hosted by the Korean Society for Transplantation, Vital Link, Korea Organ Donation Network, and the Korea Organ Donation Agency, at Seoul National University Hospital on Thursday...

  • Kosovo case Balkan Transitional Justice | 02 May 2018
    [read the article]


    By Dean B. Pineles

    Kosovo’s Medicus Case: Bad Omen for Rule of Law

    Six years of efforts to deliver justice were wasted when the defendants convicted in the Medicus organ-trafficking case were inexplicably sent for retrial, says a judge who served on the original trial panel.

  • Fank Inter Press Service | 30 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Maged Srour

    Human Trafficking for Organs: Ending abuse of the Poorest

    Organ transplantation is one of the most incredible medical achievements of the past century. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, “human organs for transplants have two sources, deceased donors and living donors; ultimately, human organs can only be derived from a human body, and thus any action in the field of organ transplantation must be carried out in accordance with the highest ethical and professional standards”. The reality is that in several countries such as India, Pakistan, Egypt or Mexico, organ trafficking has been peaking in recent years...

  • NZ financial neutrality New Zealand Ministry of Health | 17 April 2018
    [page link]


    New Zealand covers costs of leave for living donors in the spirit of financial neutrality

    Summary of compensation procedure:

    You register for compensation with the Ministry of Health while you're being tested to become a donor.

    Then you apply for compensation for loss of earnings when you have a date for donation surgery.

    Please contact the Ministry as soon as possible if you would like to discuss your options. For further information, call the Ministry of Health: freephone 0800 855 066 or access their website here


  • CoE rejects GKE RT News | 08 May 2018
    [read the article]


    Euro chiefs brand US-backed health program as ‘organ trafficking’

    The Council of Europe’s Committee on Organ Transplantation has rejected a US-backed organ-swapping plan as “human organ trafficking” over concerns that donors will be abused. According to the committee, organ-swapping, as proposed by the Global Kidney Exchange (GKE), goes against the fundamental rule of organ donation – that “the human body and its parts shall not give rise to financial gain or comparable advantage.”

  • Woman on trial for stealing human kidney Daily Monitor | 17 April 2018
    [read the article]


    By Juliet Kigongo

    Woman on trial for stealing human kidney

    A woman has been committed to the High Court for trial on charges of aggravated human trafficking and luring her shop attendant into donating his kidney to her husband. Miria Rwigambwa, a businesswoman in Mbarara District is accused by Brian Arinaitwe of duping and facilitating him to India for removal of his body part. The accused appeared before Nakawa Grade One Magistrate, Noah Sajjabi who committed her to the High Court for trial...

  • CoE Statement on GKE

    STATEMENT ON THE GLOBAL KIDNEY EXCHANGE CONCEPT


    To download a copy of the statement, please click here.


    The concept of Global Kidney Exchange (GKE) has been recently proposed as a means to increase the number of donor-recipient pairs that can benefit from kidney exchange programmes in highincome countries (HIC). The Council of Europe Committee on Organ Transplantation (CD-P-TO) with the support of the Council of Europe Committee on Bioethics (DHBIO) has carefully studied the GKE proposal. Read their conclusions here.

  • Update extended April

    Participate in the DICG public consultation concerning the Declaration of Istanbul (2018 Edition)


    To view the draft DoI (2018 Edition) and provide your feedback via our survey, please click here.

    Deadline 20 April 2018


     

    Please share your time and expertise with us, and provide feedback on our draft documents here.

Organ procurement in China - DICG members share their personal perspectives

Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition

2015, 4(2)

Members of the DICG have contributed commentaries on organ procurement policy in China in the most recent issue of the journal Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition. These can be freely accessed courtesy of the journal via the links below:

Gabriel M. Danovitch and Francis L. Delmonico. 'China on the brink: there is hope for the end of their use of executed prisoner organs.'

Vivekanand Jha. 'Reforms in organ donation in China: still to be executed?'

Rudolf García-Gallont. 'Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China.'

Dominique E. Martin and Annika Tibell. 'Implementation of China's new policies on organ procurement: an important but challenging step forward.'

The main article referenced in these commentaries counts another DICG member among its authors:

A. Sharif, M. Fiatarone Singh, T. Trey, and J. Lavee. 'Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China.' American Journal of Transplantation. 2014, 14(10): 2246-52.

This is also freely available courtesy of AJT.

 

Living and Deceased Organ Donation Should Be Financially Neutral Acts

FL Delmonico, D Martin, B Domínguez-Gil, E Muller, V Jha, A Levin, GM Danovitch, and AM Capron


AJT logo

2015; Epub March 31

The supply of organs—particularly kidneys—donated by living and deceased donors falls short of the number of patients added annually to transplant waiting lists in the United States. To remedy this problem, a number of prominent physicians, ethicists, economists and others have mounted a campaign to suspend the prohibitions in the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 (NOTA) on the buying and selling of organs. The argument that providing financial benefits would incentivize enough people to part with a kidney (or a portion of a liver) to clear the waiting lists is flawed. This commentary marshals arguments against the claim that the shortage of donor organs would best be overcome by providing financial incentives for donation. We can increase the number of organs available for transplantation by removing all financial disincentives that deter unpaid living or deceased kidney donation. These disincentives include a range of burdens, such as the costs of travel and lodging for medical evaluation and surgery, lost wages, and the expense of dependent care during the period of organ removal and recuperation. Organ donation should remain an act that is financially neutral for donors, neither imposing financial burdens nor enriching them monetarily.

Read the complete article here at the American Journal of Transplantation(subscription required).

The Impact of the Israeli Transplantation Law on the Socio-Demographic Profile of Living Kidney Donors

Boas H, Mor E, Michowitz R, Rozen-Zvi B, and Rahamimov R


AJT logo

2015; 15(4):1076-80

The Israeli transplantation law of 2008 stipulated that organ trading is a criminal offense, and banned the reimbursement of such transplants by insurance companies, thus decreasing dramatically transplant tourism from Israel. We evaluated the law’s impact on the number and the socio-demographic features of 575 consecutive living donors, transplanted in the largest Israeli transplantation center, spanning 5 years prior to 5 years after the law’s implementation. Living kidney donations increased from 3.51.5 donations per month in the pre-law period to 6.12.4 per month post-law (p<0.001). This was mainly due to a rise in intra-familial donations from 2.11.1 per month to 4.62.1 per month (p<0.001). In unrelated donors we found a significant change in their socio-demographic characteristics: mean age increased from 35.47.4 to 39.910.2 (p¼0.001), an increase in the proportion of donors with college level or higher education (31.0% to 63.1%; p<0.001) and donors with white collar occupations (33.3% to 48.3%, p¼0.023). In conclusion, the Israeli legislation that prohibited transplant tourism and organ trading in accordance with Istanbul Declaration, was associated with an increase in local transplantation activity, mainly from related living kidney donors, and a change in the profile of unrelated donors into an older, higher educated, white collar population.

Read the complete article here at the American Journal of Transplantation (subscription required).

DICG Login