• The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Pontifical-Academy-of-Sciences- -February-13-2017The Pontifical Academy of Sciences | February 13, 2017
    [read the statement]


    On 7-8 February, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group (DICG) Executive, representatives of the DICG board and of its membership participated in a Summit on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism convened by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican City.

    A Statement was released which calls upon governments, ministries of health, judiciary systems, religious leaders, professional healthcare associations, and the general public to condemn human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal and organ trafficking and acknowledge them as ‘crimes against humanity’. The Statement proposes specific measures to combat and prevent these crimes and to protect their victims.

    Together with the Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism, a key reference for the Statement, this Summit represents a milestone in the fight against practices that violate fundamental human rights, represent a threat to individual and public health and tarnish the magnificence of transplantation. The statement is available from the Pontifical Academy of Sciences here.

  • The-Times-of-India- -February-13-2017The Times of India | February 13, 2017
    [read the article]


    Doctors allege illegal organ trade on the rise in major hospitals too

    Panaji: Stating that the illegal organ donation is now finding its way into bigger hospitals as well, a panel of experts, comprising of doctors and activists was of the opinion that laws regulating organ donations need to be amended along with strict implementation...

  • Hurriyet-Daily-News- -February-12-2017Hürriyet Daily News | February 12, 2017
    [read the article]


    Turkey sees rise in transplant operations

    The number of people travelling to Turkey for transplant operations has doubled in the last two years, a specialist doctor told state-run Anadolu Agency on Feb. 10.    

    Eyüp Kahveci, chairman of the Turkey Transplantation Fund Board, delivered a speech highlighting some of the key issues of transplant operations at the Istanbul workshop of the International Transplantation Network Project, which was set up in 2015...

  • World-Federation-of-the-Catholic-Medical-Associations- -February-9-2017World Federation of the Catholic Medical Associations | February 9, 2017
    [read the article]


    FIAMC SIGNS THE STATEMENT ON ORGAN TRAFFICKING

    In accordance with the Resolutions of the United Nations and the World Health Assembly, the 2015 Vatican Summit of Mayors from the major cities of the world, the 2014 Joint Declaration of faith leaders against modern slavery, and the Magisterium of Pope Francis, who in June 2016, at the Judges’ Summit on Human Trafficking and Organized Crime, stated that organ trafficking and human trafficking for the purpose of organ removal are “true crimes against humanity [that] need to be recognized as such by all religious, political and social leaders, and by national and international legislation,” we, the undersigned participants of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences Summit on Organ Trafficking, resolve to combat these crimes against humanity through comprehensive efforts that involve all stakeholders around the world...

  • The-Age- -February-8-2017The Age | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Philip Pullella

    China promises to punish unethical organ harvesting, 'mend its ways'

    Beijing's top official on transplants said on Tuesday his country was emerging from a murky past when organs were taken from detained or executed prisoners...

  • Rome-Reports- -February-8-2017Rome Reports | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    El Vaticano planta cara al tráfico de órganos y reúne a representantes de 52 países

    Por primera vez en la historia, el Vaticano ha organizado un encuentro para tratar el oscuro tráfico de órganos y el turismo de trasplantes en más de 50 países del mundo. Se trata de otra forma de esclavitud moderna que el Papa Francisco está empeñado en denunciar. Por eso, fue él mismo quien pidió a la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias que organizara el congreso...

  • Catholic-News-Service- -February-8-2017Catholic News Service | February 8, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Carol Glatz

    No nation is free of organ trafficking, say speakers at Vatican summit

    VATICAN CITY (CNS) — No country is immune to the trafficking of organs, which has become a global problem that demands a concerted and cooperative response, said a number of speakers at a Vatican summit...

  • The-Express-Tribune- -February-4-2017The Express Tribune | February 4, 2017
    [read the article]


    Illegal Kidney Trade: Two suspected organ traffickers held

    Destitute had been brought to the garrison city on the pretext of being provided jobs from different parts of Punjab...

  • Amend-organ-transplantation-lawThe Daily Star | January 30, 2017
    [read the article]


    Amend organ transplantation law to increase kidney donations: Experts

    Health experts have called for amending the law on organ transplantation to increase kidney donations, as the number of kidney patients is going up in the country amid shortage of kidney donors, during a programme held at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on January 30, 2017...

  • Organ-Trafficking-slips-through-cracksThe Indian Express | January 17, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Tabassum Barnagarwala

    Rewind Kidney racket: Probe into three transplants at a standstill

    According to senior health officials, the new guidelines will subsequently make the DHS the authority to probe such cases. “Until then, the inquiry into remaining cases will remain pending,” said a DHS official. Previously, a three-member DHS committee was probing the kidney transplants to aid the police on alleged violations to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act...

  • BBC- -January-24-2017BBC | January 24, 2017
    [read the article]


    By Ruth Evans

    Pakistani police rescue 24 from organ trafficking gang

    Alert raised after patients from UK, Canada and Australia develop complications following kidney transplants...

Organ procurement in China - DICG members share their personal perspectives

Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition

2015, 4(2)

Members of the DICG have contributed commentaries on organ procurement policy in China in the most recent issue of the journal Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition. These can be freely accessed courtesy of the journal via the links below:

Gabriel M. Danovitch and Francis L. Delmonico. 'China on the brink: there is hope for the end of their use of executed prisoner organs.'

Vivekanand Jha. 'Reforms in organ donation in China: still to be executed?'

Rudolf García-Gallont. 'Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China.'

Dominique E. Martin and Annika Tibell. 'Implementation of China's new policies on organ procurement: an important but challenging step forward.'

The main article referenced in these commentaries counts another DICG member among its authors:

A. Sharif, M. Fiatarone Singh, T. Trey, and J. Lavee. 'Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China.' American Journal of Transplantation. 2014, 14(10): 2246-52.

This is also freely available courtesy of AJT.

 

Living and Deceased Organ Donation Should Be Financially Neutral Acts

FL Delmonico, D Martin, B Domínguez-Gil, E Muller, V Jha, A Levin, GM Danovitch, and AM Capron


AJT logo

2015; Epub March 31

The supply of organs—particularly kidneys—donated by living and deceased donors falls short of the number of patients added annually to transplant waiting lists in the United States. To remedy this problem, a number of prominent physicians, ethicists, economists and others have mounted a campaign to suspend the prohibitions in the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 (NOTA) on the buying and selling of organs. The argument that providing financial benefits would incentivize enough people to part with a kidney (or a portion of a liver) to clear the waiting lists is flawed. This commentary marshals arguments against the claim that the shortage of donor organs would best be overcome by providing financial incentives for donation. We can increase the number of organs available for transplantation by removing all financial disincentives that deter unpaid living or deceased kidney donation. These disincentives include a range of burdens, such as the costs of travel and lodging for medical evaluation and surgery, lost wages, and the expense of dependent care during the period of organ removal and recuperation. Organ donation should remain an act that is financially neutral for donors, neither imposing financial burdens nor enriching them monetarily.

Read the complete article here at the American Journal of Transplantation(subscription required).

The Impact of the Israeli Transplantation Law on the Socio-Demographic Profile of Living Kidney Donors

Boas H, Mor E, Michowitz R, Rozen-Zvi B, and Rahamimov R


AJT logo

2015; 15(4):1076-80

The Israeli transplantation law of 2008 stipulated that organ trading is a criminal offense, and banned the reimbursement of such transplants by insurance companies, thus decreasing dramatically transplant tourism from Israel. We evaluated the law’s impact on the number and the socio-demographic features of 575 consecutive living donors, transplanted in the largest Israeli transplantation center, spanning 5 years prior to 5 years after the law’s implementation. Living kidney donations increased from 3.51.5 donations per month in the pre-law period to 6.12.4 per month post-law (p<0.001). This was mainly due to a rise in intra-familial donations from 2.11.1 per month to 4.62.1 per month (p<0.001). In unrelated donors we found a significant change in their socio-demographic characteristics: mean age increased from 35.47.4 to 39.910.2 (p¼0.001), an increase in the proportion of donors with college level or higher education (31.0% to 63.1%; p<0.001) and donors with white collar occupations (33.3% to 48.3%, p¼0.023). In conclusion, the Israeli legislation that prohibited transplant tourism and organ trading in accordance with Istanbul Declaration, was associated with an increase in local transplantation activity, mainly from related living kidney donors, and a change in the profile of unrelated donors into an older, higher educated, white collar population.

Read the complete article here at the American Journal of Transplantation (subscription required).

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